Brussels , officially the Brussels-Capital Region (French: Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium. The commuter services operated by De Lijn, TEC and NMBS/SNCB will, in the next few years,[when?] [71][72] That would lower the number of politicians needed to govern Brussels, and centralise the power over the city to make decisions easier, thus reduce the overall running costs. The Brabantine Gothic Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula remains a prominent feature in the skyline of downtown Brussels. [106] From 1880 on, faced with the necessity of using French in dealing with such institutions, more and more Dutch-speakers in Brussels became bilingual, and a rise in the number of monolingual French-speakers was seen after 1910. Notable specialities include Brussels waffles (gaufres) and mussels (usually as moules-frites, served with fries). [202] Since April 2007, STIB/MIVB has been operating a night bus network called Noctis. Don't have an Brussels (French: Bruxelles [bʁysɛl] (listen) or [bʁyksɛl]; Dutch: Brussel [ˈbrʏsəl] (listen)), officially the Brussels-Capital Region[7][8] (French: Région de Bruxelles-Capitale;[a] Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest),[b] is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium. [104][105], French-speaking immigration contributed to the Frenchification of Brussels; both Walloons and expatriates from other countries—mainly France—came to Brussels in great numbers. Brussels is home to notable cycling races. Renovation of Reyers tunnels: explanation. Template.vat 0472.281.221. Several countries also have diplomatic missions to NATO through embassies in Belgium. There are five university hospitals, a military hospital and more than 40 general hospitals and specialist clinics.[197]. Découvrez le site internet de Bruxelles Environnement, l’administration de l’environnement et de l’énergie en Région de Bruxelles-Capitale. The history of Brussels is closely linked to that of Western Europe. Before the creation of the Brussels-Capital Region, regional competences in the 19 municipalities were performed by the Brussels Agglomeration. [9] The Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium[10] and the Flemish Community,[11] but is separate from the Flemish Region (within which it forms an enclave) and the Walloon Region. Also a dozen of university colleges are located in Brussels, including two drama schools, founded in 1832: the French-speaking Conservatoire Royal and its Dutch-speaking equivalent, the Koninklijk Conservatorium. [208] It is a class X fire department and the largest fire service in Belgium in terms of annual operations, equipment, and personnel. People of foreign origin make up nearly 70%[101] of the population of Brussels, most of whom have been naturalised following the great 1991 reform of the naturalisation process. In addition to this, the Sonian Forest is located in its southern part and stretches out over the three Belgian regions. [122] Even though some people want English to be used as an unofficial compromise language between Dutch and French, French remains the lingua franca, and laws still require Dutch and French translations in most cases. Just 2.5% speak English as their mother tongue, but 29.7% of people living in the city claim to speak English well or very well. Nevertheless, some communitarian issues remain. Les découvertes se suivent mais ne se ressemblent pas. Découvrez toutes les possibilités de parking. [12][13] Brussels is the most densely populated and the richest region in Belgium in terms of GDP per capita. [94] The organisation's political and administrative headquarters are located on Boulevard Léopold III/Leopold III-laan in Haren, Brussels. [133] Another example of Brussels' Art Nouveau is the Stoclet Palace (1911), by the Viennese architect Josef Hoffmann, designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in June 2009. [29] The Brussels metro is the only rapid transit system in Belgium. Location appartement Bruxelles; Comparez 5616 annonces de locations a louer meublé à logement Bruxelles Location appartement à partir de 370 €/mois Réservez maintenant sur Nestpick! Photos du Vieux Bruxelles ... Vous pouvez suivre des formations, des initiations, ou encore des ateliers multimédias. The Atomium is a symbolic 103-metre-tall (338 ft) modernist structure, located on the Heysel Plateau, which was originally built for the 1958 World's Fair (Expo '58). By law, the cabinet must comprise two French-speaking and two Dutch-speaking ministers, one Dutch-speaking secretary of state and two French-speaking secretaries of state. Anderlecht, based in the Constant Vanden Stock Stadium in Anderlecht, is the most successful Belgian football club in the Belgian Pro League, with 34 titles. - Topic Bruxelles ou Brussels du 04-12-2020 13:18:37 sur les forums de [69] However, several municipalities outside the Brussels-Capital Region have been merged with the City of Brussels throughout its history, including Laeken, Haren and Neder-Over-Heembeek in 1921.[70]. [41] Saint Vindicianus, the Bishop of Cambrai, made the first recorded reference to the place Brosella in 695,[42] when it was still a hamlet. The minister-president does not count against the language quota, but in practice every minister-president has been a bilingual francophone. Dans 17 communes déjà partenaires, un box à vélo est peut-être au coin de la rue. Copyright 2020 © Tous droits réservés. Brussels experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) with warm summers and cool winters. The reconstruction of the city centre, effected during subsequent years, profoundly changed its appearance and left numerous traces still visible today. [97], Brussels and its suburbs, taking into account its outer commuter zone (Brussels Regional Express Network (RER/GEN) area), have a population of about 2.6 million and extend over a large part of the two Brabant provinces. [141] The King Baudouin Stadium is a concert and competition facility with a 50,000 seat capacity, the largest in Belgium. The city was also home of the impressionist painter Anna Boch from the Artist Group Les XX, and includes other famous Belgian painters such as Léon Spilliaert. The Industrial Revolution and the building of the Brussels-Charleroi Canal brought prosperity to the city through commerce and manufacturing. [87][full citation needed][88][full citation needed] It locates the formal seat of European Parliament in Strasbourg, where votes take place, with the council, on the proposals made by the commission. Watermael-Boitsfort has the lowest population density in the region, with 1,928 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,990/sq mi). Also widespread are brasseries, which usually offer a variety of beers and typical national dishes. [129], The neoclassical style of the 18th and 19th centuries is represented in the Royal Quarter/Coudenberg area, around Brussels' Park and the Royal Square. Other Brussels clubs that played in the national series over the years were Ixelles SC, Crossing Club de Schaerbeek (born from a merger between RCS de Schaerbeek and Crossing Club Molenbeek), Scup Jette, RUS de Laeken, Racing Jet de Bruxelles, AS Auderghem, KV Wosjot Woluwe and FC Ganshoren. Brussels is the most dens… The Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences houses the world's largest hall completely dedicated to dinosaurs, with its collection of 30 fossilised Iguanodon skeletons. Brussels is a centre of both media and communications in Belgium, with many Belgian television stations, radio stations, newspapers and telephone companies having their headquarters in the region. [40] Also, the interiors of some metro stations are designed by artists. For the Brusseleers, many simply consider themselves as belonging to Brussels. [142][143] Other concert venues include Forest National/Vorst Nationaal, the Ancienne Belgique, the Cirque Royal/Koninklijk Circus, the Botanique and the Palais 12/Paleis 12. Bruxelles, capitale de la Belgique et de l’Europe, est à la fois moderne et traditionnelle. Conversely, only 16.0% of people from Brussels work outside Brussels (68,827 (68.5%) of them in Flanders and 21,035 (31.5%) in Wallonia). The South Tower, standing adjacent to Brussels-South railway station, is the tallest building in Belgium, at 148 m (486 ft). De délicieux petits plats, à emporter ou en livraison. The 19 municipalities (French: communes, Dutch: gemeenten) of the Brussels-Capital Region are political subdivisions with individual responsibilities for the handling of local level duties, such as law enforcement and the upkeep of schools and roads within its borders. The Brussels-Capital Region is served by several airports, all of which are located outside of the administrative territory of the region. Court séjour : 1 semaine 1 mois à 1 anProfitez de notre système de booking pour trouver En moyenne, en semaine, il y a 114 trains Bruxelles Central  Brussels-Airport-Zaventem par jour. Since 2003, Brussels has had a car-sharing service operated by the Bremen company Cambio, in partnership with the STIB/MIVB and local ridesharing company Taxi Stop. Exporter des produits vers l’étranger, former des collaborateurs, obtenir un permis de travail ou l’autorisation d’exercer une activité, Bruxelles Économie et Emploi vous conseille et vous soutient dans vos démarches en tant que travailleur ou entreprise. The postmodern buildings of the Espace Léopold complete the picture. 5342 Uccle/Watermael-Boitsfort/Auderghem: This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 19:50. Brussels is known as the birthplace of the Belgian Endive. Find company research, competitor information, contact details & financial data for Bruxelles Bavard ou Brussel Babbelt ou Brussels Chatterguides of Bruxelles. A single journey can include multiple stages across the different modes of transport. [196], Brussels is home to a thriving pharmaceutical and health care industry which includes pioneering biotechnology research. In addition to the Senne, tributary streams such as the Maalbeek and the Woluwe, to the east of the region, account for significant elevation differences. Mais si vous réservez vos billets à la dernière minute, le prix moyen est de 11,10 €. They run from the centre of Brussels to the outer reaches of the Brussels-Capital Region.[203]. The gastronomic offer includes approximately 1,800 restaurants, and a number of high quality bars. This allowed urban renewal and the construction of modern buildings of hausmannien style along central boulevards, characteristic of downtown Brussels today. On Belgian National Day, on 21 July, a military parade and celebrations take place on the Place des Palais/Paleizenplein and in Brussels' Park, ending with a display of fireworks in the evening. Si vous rencontrez un problème sur notre site, contactez info[at] Quoi de mieux que d’explorer les quartiers de Bruxelles pour découvrir les différentes facettes de la capitale et vivre des expériences à taille humaine. Among other things, the Colonial Palace (today's Royal Museum for Central Africa), in the suburb of Tervuren, was connected to the capital by the construction of an 11-km long grand alley. They also have a board composed of the ministers and secretaries of state of each linguistic group in the Government of the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels has an orbital motorway, numbered R0 (R-zero) and commonly referred to as the Ring. Lorsque vous prenez le train depuis ou vers l'aéroport, vous devez acheter un billet vers ou depuis l'aéroport de Bruxelles-Zaventem et le Supplément Brussels Airport (Diabolo) pour passer les portes. After the creation of the Brussels-Capital Region, the Brussels Agglomeration was never formally abolished, although it no longer has a purpose. In France, the pronunciations [bʁyksɛl] and [bʁyksɛlwa] (for bruxellois) are often heard, but are rather rare in Belgium. Posté le 08.12.2020. [85] In 2009, there were an estimated 286 lobbying consultancies known to work in Brussels. [102], Since the founding of the Kingdom of Belgium in 1830, Brussels has transformed from being almost entirely Dutch-speaking (Brabantian dialect to be exact), to being a multilingual city with French (specifically Belgian French) as the majority language and lingua franca. The cafés are similar to bars, and offer beer and light dishes; coffee houses are called salons de thé. Medieval Grand-Place, is indeed grand, with many 17th-century buildings and daily flower markets. Museums dedicated to the national history of Belgium include the BELvue Museum, the Royal Museums of Art and History, and the Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and Military History. Grâce aux titres-services, bénéficiez de tarifs avantageux et d’un système pratique et efficace ! The Kunstenfestivaldesarts, an international performing arts festival, is organised every year in May in about twenty different cultural houses and theatres throughout the city. Brussels Airport propose plus de 12 000 places de parking, à distance de marche ou avec navette. [30] Brussels-South is also served by direct high-speed rail links: to London by Eurostar trains via the Channel Tunnel (1hr 51min); to Amsterdam[200] by Thalys and InterCity connections; to Amsterdam, Paris (1hr 50min and 1hr 25min respectively as of 6 April 2015[update]), and Cologne by Thalys; and to Cologne (1hr 50min) and Frankfurt (2hr 57min) by the German ICE. It is bilingual (French–Dutch). Et sans les désavantages de manger à l’extérieure : pas de fourmis, pas de pluie et pas de boue … jamais ! TROUVEZ UN PARKING Près de chez vous. These were built upon the site of the second set of city walls following their demolition. [173], Brussels has a robust economy. [96], Brussels is located in one of the most urbanised regions of Europe, between Paris, London, the Rhine-Ruhr (Germany), and the Randstad (Netherlands). Because of its location on the shores of the Senne, on an important trade route between Bruges and Ghent, and Cologne, Brussels became a commercial centre specialised in the textile trade. For the many rather recent immigrants from other countries, the identification also includes all the national origins: people tend to call themselves Moroccans or Turks rather than an American-style hyphenated version. The city also often experiences violent thunderstorms in summer months. Brussels is also home to Union Saint-Gilloise, the most successful Belgian club before World War II, with 11 titles[172] The club was founded in Saint-Gilles but is based in nearby Forest, and plays in the Second Division. There are some thirty towers, mostly concentrated in the city's main business district: the Northern Quarter (also called Little Manhattan), near Brussels-North railway station. Bruxelles – Ce 2 octobre 2020, la Cocom lance une campagne inédite de remerciements à l’attention de la population bruxelloise. The construction of the North–South connection, linking the main railway stations in the city, was completed in 1952, while the first premetro (underground tram) was finished in 1969,[54] and the first line of the metro was opened in 1976. The concentration and density has caused concern that the presence of the institutions has created a ghetto effect in that part of the city. Durant le week-end, les vacances ou à certaines exceptions, la fréquence des trains peut réduire. [159] The Royal Saint-Hubert Galleries hold a variety of luxury shops and some six million people stroll through them each year. In the 15th century, the marriage between heiress Margaret III of Flanders and Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, produced a new Duke of Brabant of the House of Valois (namely Antoine, their son). Brussels is one of the greenest capitals in Europe, with over 8,000 hectares of green spaces. Its ordinances have to be enacted with a majority in both linguistic groups. Since the 16th century, Brussels has had its own harbour, the port of Brussels. Historically situated near the Place Sainte-Catherine/Sint-Katelijneplein, it lies today to the northwest of the region, on the Brussels–Scheldt Maritime Canal (commonly called Willebroek Canal), which connects Brussels to Antwerp via the Scheldt. Formes composées: Anglais: Français: brussel sprouts, Brussels sprouts, brussels sprouts npl plural noun: Noun always used in plural form--for example, "jeans," "scissors." The Brussels-Capital Region has a population of around 1.2 million and has witnessed, in recent years, a remarkable increase in its population. Brussels is third in the number of international conferences it hosts,[82] also becoming one of the largest convention centres in the world. An interticketing system means that a STIB/MIVB ticket holder can use the train or long-distance buses inside the region. 137 of the Belgian Constitution, Woluwe-Saint-Pierre / Sint-Pieters-Woluwe, Government of the Brussels-Capital Region, Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region, Brussels and the European Union § History, Brussels International Exposition of 1910, Brussels International Exposition of 1935, List of municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region, Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium § Brussels, Parliament of the French Community of Belgium, Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta, Former Belgian National Institute of Radio Broadcasting, Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and Military History, Processional giants and dragons in Belgium and France, Faculty of Architecture, Architectural Engineering and Urban Planning, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, List of hospitals in Belgium § Brussels-Capital Region, Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe, List of twin towns and sister cities in Belgium, largest capital city of the European Union,, "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 31% to 626% of the EU average in 2017", "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab", "Gross domestic product per resident, at current prices – Ratio in relation to the total of the Kingdom", "Europe | Country profiles | Country profile: Belgium", "Protocol (No 6) on the location of the seats of the institutions and of certain bodies, offices, agencies and departments of the European Union, Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, OJ C 83, 30.3.2010, p. 265–265", "Spain to ask Brussels for extra year to meet deficit target", "Brussels plan could force euro clearing out of UK after Brexit", "The Brussels Times – Brussels North is Belgium's busiest train station", "Europe | Analysis: Where now for Belgium? The most popular of these are the English-language daily news media platform and bi-monthly magazine The Brussels Times and the quarterly magazine and website The Bulletin. The Brussels sprout, which has long been popular in Brussels, and may have originated there, is also named after the city.[154]. Minority faiths include Islam, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Judaism, and Buddhism. [12] The Flemish Parliament and Flemish Government have their seats in Brussels,[66] and so do the Parliament of the French Community and the Government of the French Community. Retrouvez toutes les informations sur les vols, les parkings, l'accès au site, les bagages, les boutiques et l'affluence attendue à l'aéroport. [184] Both universities originate from a single ancestor university, founded in 1834, namely the Free University of Brussels, which was split in 1970, at about the same time the Flemish and French Communities gained legislative power over the organisation of higher education. Découvrez nos hôtels, musées et attractions bruxelloises, la gastronomie Belge et des lieux pour vos séminaires et congrès. The Brussels local police, supported by the federal police, is responsible for law enforcement in Brussels. Throughout the city, walls are painted with large motifs of comic book characters; these murals taken together are known as Brussels' Comic Book Route. Habsburg Netherlands 1482–1556 Brussels has, since World War II, become the administrative centre of many international organisations. [205] Usually named chaussées/steenwegen, these highways normally run in a straight line, but sometimes lose themselves in a maze of narrow shopping streets. The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, commonly known as Eurocontrol, is an international organisation which coordinates and plans air traffic control across European airspace. Since 2008, this night-time public transport service has been supplemented by Collecto, a shared taxi system, which operates on weekdays between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m.