Early coupes were very similar to the first Michelotti Dauphine proposal. Aimed at improving refinement without damaging the Berlinette’s legendary cornering ability, the improved rear end would also be adopted in 1973 for the final four years of A110 production. Plus de détails. Rédélé’s global ambitions resulted in thousands of licence-built A110 models from Interlagos in Brazil, FASA in Spain, Dinalpin in Mexico as well as 50 examples of the Bulgaralpine produced in Bulgaria. Renault therefore was stuck targeting the French Rally Championship as a last resort, which it eventually won in 1977. But the cars were good anyway. Beneath its neatly proportioned shell, the A110 ditched Dauphine running gear in favour of R8 mechanicals, which meant double-wishbone suspension at the front, swing arms at the back and disc brakes all round. But while that brief foray onto these shores failed to produce any meaningful sales, across the Channel the marque enjoyed a long and illustrious career spanning more than four decades. Way back in 1979, I invested several weeks’ pocket money in a copy of The Observer’s Book of Automobiles. The RAG coupe’s shape had sprung directly from Juchet’s hand, and a full size prototype was constructed before the project was abruptly cancelled in 1966. The little that is known about the RAG project is that it was to be based on the 1965-released Renault R16 and featured the four-cylinder engine used in that family car in Gordini-developed form. Volvo XC70 D5 DEPUIS 2005 185ch / 400 Nm : Alpine A310 V6 DEPUIS 1981 150ch / 203 Nm It is probably disingenuous, however, to deny Michelotti’s influence on these shapes. The final piece of the puzzle is the frontal treatment of the car. Il est ouvert aux propriétaires de véhicules de la marque, qu’il s’agisse de berlinettes de collection, d’A310, A610, GTA ou de la nouvelle A110 Première Edition. That is depressing…. After completing studies in business and economics in 1946, Jean found himself at Renault on a work placement program where he distinguished himself with his strategic input, catching the eye of CEO Pierre Dreyfus. Il est tout à fait impossible de résumer l'Alpine A110 à un seul moteur, ce modèle puisant dans la banque d’organes de Renault, la Berlinette va suivre l’évolution de cylindrée de la marque au Losange qui, devant le sérieux et la motivation de Jean Rédélé, a entre-temps accordé sa confiance à la marque Alpine. The replacement for the A310, the V6 GT, appeared in 1985, with its chassis plate bearing the manufacturer’s formal name, Alpine Renault, but badged externally Renault Alpine. For the latest classic car news, features, buyer’s guides and classifieds, sign up to the C&SC newsletter here. There was perhaps no better launching pad for the Alpine brand than on top of the Victorian Alpine-region’s opening Targa High Country stage at Mount Buller. There were a few prototype bodies built bearing much resemblance to the Citroen-controlled Maserati Bora and Merak in their flip-up headlights, flying buttresses and rear-end treatments. It appears to be a general impression of the car once all elements of the shape had been finalised and before being committed to construction of the prototype. Alongside the performance capabilities of the four-cylinder Porsche was the fact that the most popular models in the range were four-seaters – an element that played into greater sales volumes. a310l4.com – A great French site focusing on the four-cylinder A310, juchet.fr – An enormous trove featuring the work of Gaston Juchet, A French television news piece on Michel Béligond and the A310, Professor Peter Stevens on his time contributing to the A310 Fiore was an English-born stylist who changed his surname – ‘Frost’ – to that of his mother – the italianate ‘Fiore’. British buyers remained sceptical, however, the mass-market badging of UK versions doing nothing to further its cause. According to Aaron Severson’s piece, the mid-rear engined R5 turbo came about as a Stratos-beating suggestion from Bertone, who themselves had created the Stratos. Menu Back Back; Home; Formula 1. Keen to capitalise on that historic victory, a new model – the A310 – was hurriedly launched at the Geneva Salon in 1971. A Group 4 A310 V6 putting out about 240 hp won the 1977 French Rally Championship in the hands of Guy Fréquelin, but Renault’s competitions focus would soon shift to the mid-rear engined turbocharged versions of the R5. All URLs listed were available through the Internet on April 7, 2010. In 1978, Renault Sport was moved out of Val Druel, and in its place Renault established Berex (Bureau d’Etudes et de Recherches Exploratoires) to develop sporting variants of Renault’s road cars. I savored every paragraph. I think that you have answered all of the possible questions about it. The A310 showed that Alpine might have been in the ’70s but they were looking to the future. The 310 is a very out there car, but it’s like the Citroen SM, there’s something about it that clicks together and the result manages to be unique as well as good looking and memorable. He engaged Frua to style the car and ordered 50 bodies to be made. Or at least half. The development of these models was under the aegis of Rédélé’s cousin, Roger Prieur (left). Here is the first verifiable instance of Fiore’s involvement with the Alpine. Wow Don, very nice piece, very accurate and detailed, you even mention the R12 Gordini. Alpine A108: Successor: Alpine A310: The Alpine A110 is a sports car produced by French automobile manufacturer Alpine from 1961 to 1977. A removable subframe supported a revised 2849cc version of the A310’s V6 developing 160bhp, while in the autumn of 1984 a fuel-injected 200bhp 2458cc turbo unit from the R25 joined the line-up. The same can be said for the small window-width rear spoiler which gained ‘Alpine Renault’ lettering in 1978. which came first? This extended CC looks at the origins of the idiosyncratic Alpine shape and the enduring existence of the A310. Though the steering rack was taken from the Peugeot 504 and the front turning signals from the Simca 1301, most of the components came from the Renault parts bins and would have been subject to any changes in specification or supply. The A310 was the next modern interpretation of the A110. All were mated to a 5 speed manual gearbox except one VG fitted with an automatic. I don’t think it’s doctored, I think it’s a genuine kiddyscale sports prototype. Most of the early history of Alpine in this piece was drawn from La DMC-12, c’est l’idée de John DeLorean, un américain et ancien dirigeant de General Motors qui souhaite fabriquer sa propre voiture. This was one of the first origami wedge shapes to define a cohesive and balanced form. 30 examples were produced. Though comparisons can be made with Porsche and Lotus, I find the most direct analogy for Jean Rédélé to be Carroll Shelby. Factory-supplied images suggest this coincides with the headlight mountings changing from body colour to black, but given the hand-assembled nature of these cars that may have been an option. Note the example lower right with the louvred rear window. Though Prieur’s use of the backbone differed in that the central tube did not carry a driveshaft, it predated Colin Chapman’s efforts with the Lotus Elan by at least two years. Power would come from a Renault 17 four-pot slung behind the same R12 Gordini transaxle used in the A110. He was head of styling from 1965 to 1975, and continued with Renault when Robert Opron took the head job, perhaps relieved to cede the administrative tasks and focus on design. Ghia was the strong favourite, and their first effort built by Frua (bottom left) would eventually become the Renault Floride – though not without its own complications. After the refinement of the GTA, Crispin Forster’s A110 is a loud and brutal hooligan. Or as the French say: Excellent ! No one can beat the French, that’s Renault and Peugeot, when it comes to B-segment hot hatches. In six-cylinder guise, the A310 would remain in production until 1984, its replacement being unveiled at the Geneva Salon in March of that year and – in a first for the marque – launched in the UK two years later. 27 sept. 2017 - Cette épingle a été découverte par Seiichiro Aizawa. Instead of the Chappe et Gessalin proposal, the Michelotti Renault prototype somehow found itself announced as the next new model in the Alpine range. Trouvez la voiture de vos rêves. I really can’t see the Alpine having anything other than quite limited success in the US in the best of circumstances. Thanks Robert. The most radical departure was the A310’s Michel Beligond-styled body, its aggressively angular outline at once leaving the sensual ’60s curves of the A110 looking antediluvian. Before delivery commenced on production models that October, there was a final change to the body; the rear lights that sat above the bumper under flush plexiglas panels on the prototype were relocated and replaced with a cluster of blister units. There is a definite resemblance there, although not anywhere else on the two cars, and 1971 to 1973 is more than enough time for the A310’s styling to have been reviewed and re-used by GM’s stylists in the UK. He had refused to pay Frua a design royalty for the examples being built by Fissore, and Frua took him to court. ? As pure automotive sculpture, I prefer it over the down-force appendaged later models. That Jean Rédélé’s career would be intertwined with Renault seemed somehow inevitable. What an incredibly detailed and insightful look into a significant series of sports cars that I knew only from sporadic coverage of the A110 in American car magazines. Looking forward to the outtake on the Sport. Under the skin, the front axle balljoint mountings were changed in 1974 to silent-bloc rubber/steel bushings. The sliding technique beloved of Berlinette drivers does not suit the new car, however, the characteristic handling remaining neutral in spite of the rear engine location. Required fields are marked *. This, however, was overshadowed by several factors. When I was offered the chance to review one I leapt at it.1: Comparison with Avant Slot's A310Teamslot's A310 follows Avant Slot's similar offering. Though they may not all be directly related to that project, I have arranged them as a demonstration of how the shape might have progressed. The US was critical to Porsche’s success. Learn how your comment data is processed. Further development as the A220 in 1968 (above) and 1969 fared no better, proving unreliable due to excessive vibration. – 19. From my understanding, he was preparing designs such as the Trident on his own initiative, then was trying to get an order from a manufacturer which could then be met by Fissore’s own production capacity. En parallèle, la Régie fait bénéficier Alpine du contrat de préconisation signé avec Elf ce qui permet de débloquer un budget de compétition complémentaire, tandis que Philippe Lamirault ouvre le réseau des concessionnaires Renault à la diffusion des A110 puis A310. The prototype had been built by Fissore, but Monteverdi claimed that he himself had come up with the shape. I couldn’t fit this pic in the story, but any excuse…. In competition, this model would score countless wins and a multitude of national and international championship titles over its lengthy production life. Plus, if you’re not in the mood for B-road lairiness, just park it and drink in the exquisite shape and faultless detailing. The French police, or more specifically, the Brigade Rapide d’Intervention de la Gendarmerie, continued with tradition and had a small fleet of A310s; numbers quoted vary between five and seven. The first examples came without windscreen, but by the time it reached the UK a windscreen had been added. An 110 is too cramped for me, and at the time the 310 was what the 928 was for Porsche: a logical step up the ladder. While I agree that it’s not up to the visual level of the A310, the GTA is still quite an attractive car, and (especially with the turbo) quite a performer. Opel/Vauxhall payback for this Interlagos prototype? Great find. The engine’s 310 hp output was no match for the 400+ hp of the Cosworth engines, so instead this V8 was used in the ill-fated Le Mans prototypes. From that I first learnt of the A310’s existence and, as a six-year-old, I was transfixed. Thanks! Using Fissore as a ‘home base’, Fiore might have returned now and again with some of the sketches, which were then left inadvertently lying around when Peter Monteverdi decided they would suit his own purposes. The idea of producing a sports car upon which to pin post-war French pride began to germinate in Rédélé’s fertile mind and, in ’52, having failed to stimulate interest among domestic coachbuilders, he commissioned Allemano to construct a Michelotti-styled coupé on the 4CV platform. Though these images are not in strict chronological order, we can see how the shape of the Alpine two-seater cars moved towards their most iconic iteration as the A106 and Dauphine-based A108 models overlapped. The A310 looked as if it had been conceived with night rally stages in mind, although it would never dominate the sport in the same way its forebear had done. Ce week-end, on était aussi en Bretagne pour l'Autobrocante Festival de Lohéac 2017, un événement varié et qui plaira à tous ! I’ve always liked the A110, and was a huge fan of the GTA/610 styling and while I don’t dislike the A310 it never really did that much for me. One drives faster and faster through bends, never reaching the limit, even in the mountains, and the brakes do not fade. Extremely disappointing. As he later recounted; ‘I thoroughly enjoyed crossing the Alps in my Renault 4CV, and that gave me the idea of calling my future cars ‘Alpines’. This performance variant of Renault’s bread and butter baby had been developed by the Alpine team and sold 53,000 units. The most significant visual difference was the see-though c-pillar treatment but detail changes were made everywhere.